It is generally recognized today that the Baltic amber (whose international mineralogical name is succinite) is the fossilized resin of trees, mainly coniferous ones, that grew on the vast territory of the southern part of the Northland and bordering areas of the modern Baltic sea. Approximately 45-50 ml years ago the climate grew considerably warmer and more humid that favored rich vegetation. Bay-trees and Eugenia trees as well as palm trees and lianas were widely spread along with deciduous lime-trees, maples, oaks and chestnuts. The climate change brought about abundant resin flowing. The resin was oxidized by the air, it was covered with thick dark brown crust and in this state it accumulated in the soil of «the amber forest». The rivers and brooks gradually washed out hardened clods of resin from the ground and carried them into the estuary of a big river that flew into an ancient sea on the area of the modern Kaliningrad peninsula. This is how the largest in the world Palmniken amber deposit formed. Approximately two million years ago a huge glacier shifted the Earth’s layers including the amber-carrying deposits of the Eocene period to the bottom of the Carpathian mountains, that resulted in the formation of the secondary (quaternary) amber deposits. At present amber is found on the whole of the vast area that used to be covered by the glacier.
It’s said to be that the ancient gemstone called Amber (talking 45-50 millions of years old, fossilized resin of trees), is a powerful healer and cleanser of the body, mind and soul. Amber draws disease from the body, healing and renewing the nervous system and balancing the right and left parts of the brain. It absorbs pain and negative energy, helping to alleviate stress. We think we all could use some of that healing huh. Amber clears depression, stimulates the intellect and promotes self-confidence and creative self-expression. It encourages decision-making, spontaneity and brings wisdom, balance and patience. Amber opens the throat centre, treating goiters and other throat problems. It also treats stomach, spleen, kidneys, bladder, liver and gallbladder.
COMPOSITION AND MEDICINAL PROPERTIES
Since ancient times amber is considered a symbol of happiness and new beginnings. Research results have shown that it contains many valuable micronutrients (silicon, magnesium, iron, calcium, potassium, organic compounds combined with iodine, volatile substances, resin acids and many more). Amber is a source of negative ions, which makes it a natural air ionizer. Currently, many cities fight air pollution (exhaust fumes, pollution from factories, domestic furnaces, concrete, etc.), in which positive ions predominate. The prevalence of positive ions can also be found in many apartments, through high voltage networks, domestic electrical appliances (electric kitchens, washing machines, TV sets), heating devices, etc.
COLORS AND VALUE
Amber is predominantly available in shades of brown and yellow. However, there’s a distinction to be made.
The most valued shade is white, simply because it’s the rarest. Red pieces are also considered of high value. The ones we’ve been collecting for years and years are the following categories:
- COGNAC AMBER
Cognac amber is the most common and typical colour from the Baltic amber family. The colour originates from the sap colour as well as the ageing of the amber over 30 to 50 million years. This colour does not contain as much air or gasses as the milky and antique amber, hence its transparency. Cognac colour can also have a sparkling look due to air bubbles trapped inside and can contain inclusions such as leaves, pieces of wood and insects.
- CHERRY AMBER
In composition, cherry amber is just like cognac amber. The colour originates from warm sediment surroundings millions of years ago. If a very dark piece of cognac amber is left for many years in open air with the right conditions around it, you will see the surface of the material oxidise and darken. This will make the amber look anything from wine red through dark brown and almost black, and usually opaque.
- MILKY AMBER